This guide will be helpful for anyone who does not want to spend time searching for comprehensive information, rules, and examples of modern park design. It is aimed at those who directly influence the improvement and innovation of the urban environment and the planning and operation of parks. Architects, designers, city politicians, employees of relevant departments, and even the public will find it very useful.
This guide has compiled and classified the main elements that make up parks, from general typology to individual sites. The guide consists of six sections: types, zones, playgrounds, paths, objects, and materials. In the first two sections, we described the sequence of pre-project analysis of parks to determine their type and division into zones. We have compiled a list of elements used to create and reconstruct parks in the following sections. We have added detailed three-dimensional models, optimal materials, and examples of use in real parks worldwide to each component.
In the design of the directory sections, we used patterns from plants that grow in different regions of Ukraine. We decorate the "Types" section with coniferous and deciduous forests with oak, pine, and linden. Carpathian forests of spruce, lilac, bluebells, and cornflowers adorn the "Zones" section. Deciduous forests of hornbeam, maple, and periwinkle intertwine in the "Playgrounds." In the "Ways," there is a steppe pattern of pear, rose, sagebrush, and feather-grass. Guelder-roses, marsh irises, bluebells, and other meadow plants that grow along rivers are in the"Objects." And the "Materials" section is decorated with a pattern of water caltrops, water-lilies, and reeds growing in the water. The cover brings all the plants together.
We described the typology of parks and their main characteristics. The type of park depends on its functional purpose. In special parks, one functional zone prevails. Multifunctional types combine multiple zones.
We have described the various functional zones in the parks and the zoning rules. We divided it into recreational, dendrological, zoological, cultural, memorial, commercial, gaming, and sports areas. The zone's location, size, and lighting depend on its filling.
For all places with different types of activities, we have described the basic dimensions of passages and placement of elements so that they are accessible and comfortable for all users. We've also listed zones and objects that are described in another section of the guide. For each part of the site, we have specified the materials that should be used during its creation.
We have divided the paths into different types depending on the number of people who use them. We described the rules for placing entrances and laying the primary and secondary routes. We also specified the conditions for adding a bike path and the rules for placing different objects along the ways.
This section has written the parameters of typical landscaping facilities that are most often used in Ukrainian parks. We have indicated the leading stylistic solutions and materials for the elements. Some are combined into standard kits, then placed along the roads or near the places. Lighting and navigation facilities are set systematically by the overall design of the park and the logic of its use.
In this section of the guide, we have given examples of materials that should be used in parks, their characteristics, and recommendations for use. The main principle in the design of objects is natural materials and neutral monochrome colors. When choosing a material, it is necessary to pay attention to the conditions of its use. They must be durable, wear-resistant, frost-resistant, injury preventive, eco-friendly, and aesthetic.
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